London:In a research on the risk of heart failure from adolescence onwards between 1968 and 2005 that followed more than 1.6 million Swedish men,has indicated that overweighing as teenagers were possible to develop heart failure in quite early of your middle age, in case you are overweighed.
It added more to our surprise that the increased risk of heart failure was found in men who were within the normal body weight range, a body mass index up to 25 in adolescence can have an increased risk starting in those with a BMI of 20 which was more likely rising steeply to a nearly ten-fold increased risk in those who were very excessively fatty with a BMI of almost 35.
Similarly, the study published in the European Heart Journal found that the risk of heart failure increased by 16% with every BMI unit in men with a BMI of 20 or over, presumably after taking into focus the adjustments factors that could affect the findings, such as:
- Year of enlistment into the armed forces
- Parental education
- Blood pressure
- Muscle strength and fitness
The rising-increase in Risk
According to research led by Professor of Medicine at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg,Annika Rosengren who says, “Although most studies define a normal weight as having a BMI between 18.5 and 25, this is probably not an appropriate definition in the young, most of whom are naturally thin. This may be why we see an increase in the risk of heart failure starting at a fairly low BMI level. However, it was surprising to see the very steep increase in risk with increasing body weight above a BMI of 20.”
The global trend regarding growing numbers of teenagers to be overweight given the reason that these findings suggest that heart failure occurred at the relatively early average age of about 47, will become a major threat to health in the world. Therefore, the urgent need for action worldwide is required to curb the obesity epidemic.
Action needs to be taken by governments as well as by individuals, supposedly by creating an environment that discourages to promote overweight and obesity, and that encourages people not to be sedentary and not to eat more than they need. This directly means that it is more important than hassling people into dieting, also overweight and obesity is much harder to tackle once it is established.
Analysis on 1.610.437 men
Swedish law till now required all 18-year-old Swedish men to enlist in the armed forces, and between 1968 and 2005 a total of 1,810,348 men were enlisted and underwent acognitive and standardized physical examinations. Professor Rosengren and her colleagues,under this study, analyzed data on 1,610,437 men from the Swedish Conscript registry. In this study, those men were followed who from the time were conscripted at 18, between five to 42 years or an average follow-up time of 23 years. In that duration, 5,492 men were admitted to hospital for heart failure, having an average age of nearly 47 at diagnosis.
Now, Compared with men who had a BMI of between 18.5 and 20 at the time of conscription, men with a BMI of 20 to 22.5 had a 22% increased risk of heart failure, after adjusting for factors that could affect the results. The risk nearly doubled for those with a BMI between 22.5 and 25, and more than tripled for those with a BMI between 25 and 27.5. The risk increased more than six-fold for those classified as obese with a BMI between 30-35 and was nearly 10-fold for the very obese with a BMI of 35 or more.
Early Preventive Action Needed
According to the researchers, these findings suggest that preventive action is required to be taken at an earlier stage in life. Prof Rosengren in addition to preventive action stated that current prevention guidelines are meant to guide doctors treating patients with factors that may put them at increased risk of heart and blood vessel problems within the next decade timeframe.A huge majority of young people have an extremely low risk of any such problems, while preventive measures are not essential on an individual basis and just for firm anti-smoking advice. Nevertheless, our findings show the importance of body weight in adolescence suggesting that more focus is needed to be placed on the maintenance of a healthy body healthy body weight as a preventive measure from the very early middle age.
Last but not the least, the researchers indicated that limitations to the study include the fact that their findings are only applicable to men, and overall, women have a lower risk of heart failure than men, and don’t have any information on weight gain after the men were conscripted at 18.Withslightly greater weight at 18, might be an indicator of an increased risk of lateral obese, and this would be a risk factor for heart failure. Therefore, at the end, it would be enough to say that the strength of the study is so large in its size with over 1.6 million participants. Stay connected for information on more issues.